Ophthalmology (Eye) Diseases

Göz Doktoru
Göz Doktoru

EYE TREATMENTS
 
Glaucoma
Glaucoma (eye pressure) Glaucoma, popularly known as "eye pressure", "glaucoma" or "black water disease",
It is damage to the optic nerve due to frequent increases in intraocular pressure. Depending on the person, the field of vision gradually narrows. It is an insidious disease that makes itself felt in the latter stages of the disease. Glaucoma, if diagnosed late, can cause severe damage to the optic nerve that cannot be treated. That is why an early diagnosis is very important.
Several methods can be used to treat glaucoma
•Medication
• laser therapy
• Surgical treatment
• Trabeculectomy
• Minimally invasive glaucoma surgery
• Tube implantation
• Cyclodestructive operations
• Other methods


Ocular aesthetics (Oculoplasty)
Oculoplastic surgery (Ophthalmic plastic and reconstructive surgery) is a branch of ophthalmology (The science of eye health and diseases). This branch of science deals with the diagnosis and treatment of eyelids, lacrimal system, and orbital diseases (bones and soft tissues around the eye).
An oculoplastic surgeon is an ophthalmologist and surgeon who also specializes in the disorders and treatment of all tissues around the eyes (such as the eyelids, tear ducts, orbit, forehead, eyebrows, cheeks, scalp). In addition to the general ophthalmological training, training in oculoplastic surgery must also take place.


Cataract
The importance of cataracts is the age-related deterioration and decrease in the transparency of the lens in the eye. Therefore, eyesight is reduced. In cataract treatment, the natural lens of the eye is removed with a perfect cut of the femtosecond laser device. With the help of a computer, the new lens is inserted into the eye. Not only is it the most advanced technology in the world for cataract surgery, but it is also an essential factor that will have a positive effect on the quality of life of patients. Different lenses can be placed in the eye. While mono-focal lenses only cover a distance (distance vision), multifocal lenses are intended for near and far vision. With trifocal lenses, you can easily see near, mid and far vision on one lens.

 
Excimer laser
The excimer laser is used to change the refractive power of the cornea so that you no longer have to use glasses for long distances.
Before undergoing this procedure, an extensive aptitude test must be carried out to determine whether the structure of the eyes is suitable for treatment and, if so, for which method. The laser does not penetrate the eye itself, it restructures the corneal tissue so that the refractive power is neutralized, in which you no longer have to wear farsighted glasses.
The procedure is not inpatient, you do not have to stay in the clinic, you have to come for a quick check-up one day after the procedure. The method is chosen depending on the structure of the eye and the thickness of the cornea. Whichever method is used, the goal is the same. No more wearing glasses.
 
Corneal transplant
Cornea transplantation, also popularly known as eye transplantation, is the replacement of the corneal layer of the eye, the transparency of which is impaired by various diseases, with a healthy donor cornea.

Why is a corneal transplant performed?
The transparency of the cornea can be impaired by many diseases. Causes such as microbial or genetic diseases, corneal injuries, corneal edema that do not improve after cataract surgery can impair the corneal transparency and the patient cannot see clearly.
Keratoconus, on the other hand, may require a corneal transplant because it affects the shape, transparency, and vision of the cornea in the advanced stages of the disease. Vision can be restored by transplanting a healthy corneal layer. Symptoms such as corneal discomfort and pain and discomfort improve after a corneal transplant.


Presbyopia
Presbyopia is the age-related problem of nearsightedness in people over 40. In our eyes, just behind the pupil, is the crystal lens. It helps to refract or reflect light and send it to the retina. You can also think of it as a camera lens for focusing. The crystal lens loses its flexibility with age and deteriorates with the early 60s. This will prevent your eyes from focusing as well as they did when you were younger.
How is presbyopia treated?
Intraocular trifocal lenses are one of the methods used worldwide for the treatment of presbyopia. Operations and presbyopic laser treatments are performed.
• Presbyopic laser therapy
• Intraocular lenses

 

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