Cancer treatment in Turkey: Modern Approaches.
Surgical oncology is the branch of surgery applied to oncology; it focuses on the surgical management of tumors, especially cancerous tumors.
Surgical oncologists are general surgeons with specialty training in procedures for diagnosing, staging (determining the stage of cancer), or removing cancerous growths. The most common procedures performed by surgical oncologists are biopsies and surgery for cancerous growth removal.
They can also perform surgery to stage cancer and determine how far cancer has spread. In certain circumstances, surgical oncologists may also perform preventive surgeries. In some cases, surgery may be the only treatment you need. In other circumstances, you may have surgery and receive additional treatments such as chemotherapy or radiation. In these cases, a surgical oncologist may be an important part of your cancer care team.
Oncoplastic Breast Cancer Surgery
In the past, breast cancer surgeries would have the entire breast removed. This disrupted the patient's physical integrity and impaired his psychological structure. Thanks to oncoplastic surgery, the physical integrity of the patient is preserved while cancer is treated and the cosmetic appearance is preserved and even improved. It is used to treat breast cancer and improve the patient's quality of life.
Oncoplastic breast cancer surgery is the cosmetically correct appearance of the breast at the end of the operation, despite the removal of the tumor with a large amount of tissue from the breast.
Also called female cancers; Operations on cancers of the uterus, cervix, ovaries, tube, vulva, and uterus are performed.
Laparoscopic and robotic surgery of prostate cancer with nerve-sparing methods, bladder tumor surgery and closed surgical applications of neobladder reconstruction, kidney tumor operations, and kidney-preserving methods, operations for adrenal cancer and testicular tumors are performed.
Surgical interventions are performed with microsurgical and endoscopic techniques for head base tumors, especially for brain and nerve tumors in childhood, pituitary tumors. Neuromonitoring technology is used in the operation of tumors in the sensitive area of the brain to avoid the risk of paralysis that can occur after the operation.
Head and Neck Surgery
Head and neck surgery is performed on these areas: the larynx, throat, sinuses, and nasal cavity tumors. Tonsil and salivary gland cancer; Surgical treatment for tumors is carried out in the oral cavity, the floor of the mouth, tongue, the uppermost part of the throat, the area connecting the rest of the throat, the lower part of the throat, and the area below it, the auricle, and the external ear canal.
Thoracic Oncological Surgery
Palliative procedures are performed for lung and pleural cancer, tumors of the chest wall, tumors of the airways and mediastinum, advanced cancers of the lungs and other organs, interventional procedures, and stent applications for lung and airway tumors.